A generator in a ship underway experienced a catastrophic failure, resulting in a fire in the bilges. The two engineers in the engine room heard a loud bang, investigated and saw the fire. The senior engineer saw the fire was in the bilges and knew that the semi-portable foam fire extinguisher was appropriate to use. He sent the junior engineer to it with instructions to activate it and use it to fight the fire.
The junior engineer was unfamiliar with the operation of the semi-portable foam extinguisher and did not really know how to operate it. The delay of several minutes thus caused, allowed fire and smoke to spread. The engineers were forced to evacuate. The bridge sounded the general alarm and the crew were mustered. Once the engineers were accounted for, the engine room was isolated and the fixed CO2 system was triggered to put out the fire.
The fire caused damage in excess of US$250,000. Had the fire been quickly extinguished, the damage would have been substantially less.
What went wrong?
- The junior engineer admitted he was not familiar with how to use that specific semi-portable fire extinguisher;
- The junior engineer became confused in the tension created by the emergency situation;
- The junior engineer indicated the fire extinguisher was different from others that he had been trained to use;
- The senior engineer and the Chief Engineer assumed the junior engineer knew how to operate that particular semi-portable foam extinguisher since he was an experienced mariner.
What went right?
The effectiveness of the crew in isolating the engine room by stopping the ventilation and closing all the vents and doors enabled the fixed CO2 system to work as designed and extinguish the fire. Their training, experience and actions prevented further damage that could have significantly exceeded the actual damage and could have jeopardized the vessel itself.
What are the lessons learned?
- Ensure crew members are properly trained and ensure they are familiar with the specific fire extinguishers and fire extinguishing systems on the vessel;
- Hold frequent training and drills to ensure that the excitement and adrenalin surge that happens during an emergency do not lead to delays or prevent appropriate actions from being taken.
Members may wish to refer to:
- Catering crew unfamiliar with firefighting systems and emergency stops
- US Coast Guard Safety Alert 07/17 – CO₂ hazards [“The crew were unfamiliar with the vessel’s systems and had not referred to the associated manuals.”]
- Learning outcomes from a real time diver recovery [reiterating the importance of drills]
- And finishing on a positive note: A CPR success story – “we saved a life that day” [“To be successful in any emergency, training and drills are key.”]
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