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Near-miss: Hyperbaric fire extinguisher incident

A member has reported a near-miss incident in which the safety valve assembly of a twin cylinder hyperbaric fire extinguisher blew off during ‘routine’ checks. A mechanical technician was carrying out regular six-monthly checks on the fire extinguisher in the base workshop. The technician opened the high pressure cylinder valve with the intention of checking the function of the unit. As per the design and functionality of the extinguisher, the gas from the high pressure cylinder passed through a step-down regulator set at 9 bar and entered the low pressure tank, which contained the fire-fighting medium, in this case an emulsifier. At this point the entire safety valve assembly blew off the top of the low pressure tank at the point of the penetration fitting. The safety valve assembly was not recovered after the incident. No-one was injured.

Other similar twin cylinder fire extinguishers were segregated and an incident investigation was started. Two probable causes were identified – either:

  • the first stage regulator was not functioning properly, delivering higher pressure than the set regulated pressure; or
  • the safety valve had not functioned, leading to the whole assembly bursting.

Upon checking the first stage regulator it was found to be faulty. The burst disc on the safety valve assembly was also found not to function as pressure built up due to a faulty first stage regulator.

The company noted the following positive points from the situation:

  • The mechanical technician was experienced and was standing in a safe place away from possible danger when the safety valve assembly blew off;
  • The checks were being made at a shore base and the incident did not occur in a saturation chamber.

However, appropriate records for a group of seven fire extinguishers were found but could not be traced to exact fire extinguishers, so there was not complete traceability of equipment.

The company has noted the following future preventive pro-active actions:

  • It has introduced a policy of phasing out twin gas cylinder extinguishers and replacing them with single bottle hyperbaric cylinder extinguishers, which are considered safer and are widely used in the industry;
  • The burst discs on safety valves are to be replaced on yearly basis;
  • It has noted that equipment tracking needs to be good enough to enable tracing back of particular pieces of equipment such as fire extinguishers.
Damaged safety relief valve assembly
Damaged safety relief valve assembly


Fire extinguisher
Fire extinguisher

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