A fast rescue craft (FRC) being used in a near-shore shallow water seismic survey in tropical waters, capsized causing four people to fall into the sea. There were no injuries, but most of the work equipment was either damaged or lost. Two of the personnel were not wearing lifejackets.
What went wrong/causes
The operation had been taking place in good weather; however, minutes before the incident the weather conditions deteriorated rapidly with the wind quickly changing direction. The coxswain recommended running for shelter, but was overruled by offshore vessel management.
Towed equipment became snagged on the seabed causing it to act as an anchor, turning the small boat stern towards the weather. The crew were not able to free the equipment, and the small boat, which was operating at its maximum load capacity, took on water over the stern and capsized.
What lessons were learnt?
- Never allow production pressures to take precedence over the safety of personnel. In this instance the coxswain effectively called a ‘Stop the Job’ and was overruled;
- Small boats should be capable of operating safely in all expected weather conditions. In this case, the FRC being used for operations was loaded to capacity and had limited deck space for efficient deployment/recovery of equipment;
- Always ensure that procedures are in place for foreseeable emergency situations. This scenario (equipment snagging) had not been adequately risk assessed and mitigations were not in place. Had a system been implemented to allow the in-water equipment to be released from the vessel then it is unlikely that the situation would have resulted in a capsize.
What were the actions?
- Reiterate to all personnel that the company will always support a ‘Stop the Job’, putting safety over production;
- Review small boat procedures and associated risk assessments to ensure all reasonable emergency situations have been considered;
- Ensure that small boats are suitable for the task and capable of working in all expected environmental conditions. Never operate to the absolute limit of the vessel.
Further small boat incidents
IMCA has received a number of further incidents involving small boats recently, which are included here:
Incident 1 – during small boat (Zodiac) operations, a boat was thrown by a long and heavy swell against the side of a boat landing on a single point mooring (SPM). As a result the Zodiac was damaged; there was an air leak to the rear end floatation collar. No one was harmed. The boat was safely recovered after operations and was examined on deck. A crack 150mm long was found on the inner face of starboard side rear floatation. Repairs were made.
Incident 2 – a small boat (Zodiac) was involved in tanker mooring operations at a single point mooring (SPM), and was dealing with attaching floating hoses. Owing to swell conditions, the rolling and pitching of the Zodiac during this operation endangered the safety of the personnel on board. The small boat was pushed under a floating hose and a rigger was hit on his shoulder with a hose chain.
IMCA reiterates the recommendations outlined by our member above, particularly encouraging members to ensure that small boats are suitable for the task and capable of working in all expected environmental conditions.
Members may wish to review the following incidents:
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